The city was part of the united kingdom and — later — the southern Kingdom of Judah, until the latter fell to the Babylonians in 586 BCE.
An additional 6,000 Jews live in the adjacent community of Kiryat Arba.
The Arabs converted the Byzantine church at the Tomb the Patriarchs into a mosque.
Upon capturing the city in 1100, the Crusaders expelled the Jewish community, and converted the mosque at the Tomb back into a church.
In addition to agriculture, local economy relies on handicraft, small- and medium-scale industry and construction.
Hebron is one of the most important marketplaces in the Palestinian Territories.